I like to copy you and it’s fun when you copy me!
When new faces are around me I might cling to people I know, just until I get used to them.
I can do so many more things by myself now – kōrero, mouthing, banging, pushing, dropping, throwing, shaking, reaching, seeking and finding things!
I can understand and respond to more korero now too.
We know pēpi understands a lot more kupu than they can say. We’ll ask “kei hea tō ihu?”, and they point to their nose.
We always talk and play with our pēpi, especially when we’re feeding and changing them or enjoying bath time.
Pēpi lets us know with signals when they’ve ‘had enough’.
Pēpi learns so much by just watching us. They pick up the TV remote and point it at the TV – just like a big person!
Asking friends and whānau for their ideas can help if we’re struggling. It can give us some new things to try and see if they work for us and our pēpi.
Stories, songs and activities for pēpi and whānau
The power of Karakia
Karakia are prayers or chants used in Māori rituals. The power of the karakia comes from the atua. The effectiveness of karakia can depend on the faith of the people using them.
There are karakia for all occasions – birth, death, sickness, warfare, waka building or the growing and harvesting of kai or daily karakia that give thanks or ask for protection.
Karakia have been used to keep our tamariki and whānau safe. They can be used to give thanks for the kai we eat and to bless whatever may come as we start every new day.
Prayers may be said to a specific god or just shared with the universe, it’s up to you. Introducing a simple karakia for kai can be a great way to regularly use te reo Māori.
Ngā mahi a whānau
Here’s a simple karakia kai
E te Atua, whakapaingia ēnei kai, hei oranga mō o mātou tinana.
Whangaia hoki ö mātou wairua ki te taro o te ora.
Kia mahara ki te hē o Rona.
Rona lived many, many generations ago with her husband in a hut next to a river.
One night her husband was thirsty and asked Rona to get him a drink of water. Rona was warm and comfortable in her bed but her husband insisted so she got up to get him water from the hue, only to find it empty. Although Rona didn’t want to walk to the river to get more water, her husband kept on about how thirsty he was. So Rona stormed out of the hut angry that she had to walk to the river in the darkness. She filled her hue at the river and as she was coming back home the moon disappeared behind a cloud and in the darkness Rona stubbed her toe on a big rock. In her pain she swore at the moon for hiding its light from her.
“Rona, it is not my fault that you are walking out in the night” the moon responded to her. But Rona was angry and she was sore. She yelled at the moon again for making her fall.
The moon became angry and decided to punish Rona by capturing her and bringing her up to him in the sky. Rona felt the moon pulling her and she held tightly to her hue and then to a tree, fighting to stay on the earth. But the moon was too strong and ripped the tree up by its roots bringing Rona, her hue and the tree to him. If you look carefully up at the moon tonight you can see Rona there still clutching her hue and her tree.
This pakiwaitara reminds us that:
- cursing out loud is dangerous – and not great around tamariki.
- preparation and planning can help avoid mishaps – fill your hue during the day!
- talking and listening to the adults around them is how tamariki learn language - what are we teaching our pēpi?
Your baby's brain
Pēpi is now able to coordinate information coming from more than one of his senses at a time. Many brain cells have been coated with myelin allowing messages to travel more smoothly and quickly. This means that pēpi now has much more control over their body movements.
Pēpi will start to stand while holding on to things, sit without support and explore objects in a variety of different ways. They will bang, drop, shake and throw things.
Every time they repeat the same actions or movements, the connections in their brains for those activities become stronger and more permanent.
During this stage pēpi is really curious and wants to explore everything around them using all their senses. They’re on the move and ready to learn from their environment but to do this with confidence they need to first feel safe and secure. When pēpi feels secure and happy, natural hormones, called endorphins, are released in their brain. Everyone learns better when they feel safe and happy.
Give pēpi heaps of praise when you see them concentrating and trying hard to do new tasks.
The wisdom of past generations
He iti tangata, e tipu. He iti toki, he iti tonu iho.
A little child will grow. A little adze will always remain small.
Tohea ki te tohe i te kai.
Persistence and perseverance.
Ngā mahi a whānau
Let them explore!
Pēpi is interested in discovering how they can manipulate objects. They will enjoy exploring small containers and boxes, pots and pans with lids or toys that nest or fit together.
Pepeha, helping pēpi feel connected
Everyone has a pepeha which links them to their to their ancestors. It’s like a story or map that connects you to your waka, your hapū and iwi. It also identifies important places like your maunga, awa and marae.
Pēpi may have several pepeha that link them to their different whānau. Teaching pēpi through stories, photos, pictures or even singing the pepeha helps them grow up feeling connected and familiar with who they are and where they are from.
Ko ……….. tōku maunga
Ko ……….. tōku awa
Ko ……….. tōku hapü
Ko ……….. tōku marae
Ko ……….. tōku iwi
Ngā tohu whānau
Six tohu whānau known to promote the best relationships between parents, whānau and their tamariki
Tell me more
Love & Warmth aroha, mahana
Talking & listening kōrero, whakarongo
Guidance & understanding ārahi, māramatanga
Limits & boundaries te tika, te hē
Consistency & consequences ngā hua, ngā hapa
A structured & secure world he ao haumaru